With everything turning online, we need software testers more than ever. Small-scale to huge businesses, all want to deploy quality products into the market. This has created a huge opportunity for the software developers in the market. In this article, we will look at the skills required to become a software tester and how to become a good software tester.
Before diving into the main topic let’s understand what is software testing.
What is software testing?
Software testing is a widely used method to verify the actual working of the system with the expected results. Software testing helps in identifying errors, defects, and requirement gaps to fulfill the wishes of the client.
What does a software tester do?
They are Quality Assurance and Quality control, people that check the functioning of the system by checking the outputs and matching with the new one. A software tester is involved in each part of the bug-cycle and the software development life cycle.
There are technical and non-technical skills required by any software tester. Let us look at each of them one-by-one.
- Basics of DBMS: Even for being a software tester knowledge of the basics of DBMS and SQL is a must. You should know how the data is handled, stored, and manipulated. There might be times when this data might need to be validated. This is when you are required to create little queries to check the backend working. Therefore, you should be aware of the DBMS.
- Linux commands: few web-services and web-applications are deployed on Linux. So, you should be aware of a few Linux commands.
- Experience with automation tools: Just theoretical knowledge won’t get you anywhere. Hands-on experiences are a must. This is why you should be proficient in using any automation tool.
- Theory of software testing: knowledge of the life of a bug or software development life-cycle will create the required foundation for being a software tester.
- Communication skills: A tester needs to communicate with various people in a day. These include clients, development team, business team, etc. To get everyone on board, convincing an approach, or working with a development team requires a lot of communication. This is why good communication skills are a must.
- Analytical skills: Each day you will fall on new bugs or discrepancies. For such situations analyzing a solution to such problems is important. Therefore, analytical skills are a must to solve such problems.
- Leadership qualities: To work with a large group, giving instructions, solving issues, explaining the whole project, keeping everyone informed and together. All these works require a leader. Therefore, to ace this you should have leadership qualities.
- Organizational skills: Working on so many things simultaneously requires good organizational skills. This will help declutter the work and will keep the progress clean.
- Time Management skills: This means you need to be present on time at all places. This impresses the employer as well as the client. This shows you are dedicated to your work.
Let us now look at some of the initial steps to be taken to be a successful software tester.
- Learn to code: Your first step of learning should be to learn how to code. Working on various automation tools will require you to perform testing. This in turn will test your knowledge of coding. You should have hands-on experience in any one of the programming languages. You can choose any language, however; it is important you know the basics of OOPs. The most preferred languages are Java, C++, Ruby, and C#. One should also know how to read the code in different programming languages.
- Learn about software testing: Knowing the basics of software testing like-
- What is software testing
- Software testing types
- How to do software testing
- What is a software development life-cycle?
- How to create test cases, etc.?
For being a software tester having in-depth knowledge of software testing is a must.
Learn automation testing:
With testing being completely automated it is important you should have a hands-on experience of any automation tools. It can be selenium, Katalon Studio, cucumber, Appium, TestComplete, etc. getting knowledge and having experience on any one of these platforms will make your work easier and will help you during your job as a software tester.
To prove your mettle you must complete certification on software testing. This will give you an extra edge and will boost your confidence as well. The two most popular certifications are ISTQB and CSTE.
- ISTQB: International Software Testing Qualifications Board is a certification board that provides two levels of certification. One is the foundation level and the other is the advanced level.
- CSTE: Certified Software tester is also an association that provides certification on software testing. However, it requires prior experience in the IT industry while ISTQB is an entry-level course certification. The person should have also worked in the testing field in the past 18 months.
There are several myths about being a software tester such as, they are considered less than the fellow developers, they are paid less than other team members, or there is no scope of development in the field of software testing. However, none of these myths are true. All the team members are considered equal, the pay is according to the work done, and there is a lot of scope in the field of testing. Follow the steps mentioned in the article and you will surely become a quality tester.