Transgender / Transpersons , queer , gay , bisexual have you ever considered knowing this community better ? Gender variations are probably more common than you think .Transgender is a huge community with a wide diversity of people and each of the definition changing with the evolving times . Some of these definitions would not be agreed upon , but this is for you to get acquainted with this community .
First I would want to start with what is PRIDE month , when and why do we celebrate it ?
Pride month is very joyous parade where all the tans people come together to celebrate their love , the impact of the advocate and allies the history they have with various countries demanding and fighting for their rights . It’s the commemoration of their unashamed love . A beautiful journey with pride flags all over happy face , smiles that take each other’s heart away unique celebration that we all love to be a part of even if we are cisgender (people who accept their identity as defined by the gender in the society).It is celebrated in JUNE to pay tribute to riots held by members of the LGBT community against a police raid that took place at the Stonewall Inn in New York City on June 28, 1969.There are many struggles that have been done for gay liberation this riot was a climatic one . The pride consists of rainbow sprinkled all over with workshop , marches , parties .
let’s now talk about the flag that represents LGBTQ
Gilbert Baker, an American artist, gay rights activist and U.S. Army veteran, created the flag in 1978 as a new symbol for the gay and lesbian political movement at the suggestion of his friends and colleagues, including Harvey Milk, a San Francisco city supervisor and the first openly gay elected official in California. Milk was assassinated later that year. The colours each ave a meaning
red for life, orange for healing, yellow for sunlight , green for nature, blue for harmony , violet for spirit.
As this year is cancelled as a whole the parades are also been cancelled but all folks are going to come virtually together as is the world is thanks to the all the online events .Some of the prominent festivals that will take this year
Boston pride will host a series a virtual event from June 5 to June 13
Los Angeles first ever virtual pride parade will screen on a TV Channel named ABC station KABC on June 13 till June 14
New York virtually , San Francisco , Seattle will host an online celebration and rally. Last week, more than 100 LGBT and civil rights organisations signed an open letter condemning racism, racial violence and police brutality while calling for action to combat those scourges.
Moving on lets understand the transgender the umbrella transgender and its nuances . The people identify as transgender if their gender is different in any way from what people normally expect .
What is Gender identity and sexual orientations?
Both of these are two very distinct things
Gender Identity – A person’s deeply-felt, inherent sense of being a boy, a man, or male; a girl, a woman, or female; or an alternative gender (e.g., genderqueer, gender non-conforming, boygirl, ladyboi) which may or may not correspond to a person’s sex assigned at birth or to a person’s primary or secondary sex characteristics. Since gender identity is internal, a person’s gender identity is not necessarily visible to others. ‘Affirmed gender identity’ refers to a person’s gender identify after coming out as transgender or gender non-conforming or undergoing a social and/or medical transition process.
sex assignment – The sex that is initially recognized as male and female
Sexual Orientation – A component of identity that includes a person’s sexual and emotional attraction to another person and the behavior that may result from this attraction. An individual’s sexual orientation may be lesbian, gay, heterosexual, bisexual, queer, pansexual, or asexual. A person may be attracted to men, women, both, neither, genderqueer, androgynous or have other gender identities. Sexual orientation is distinct from sex, gender identity, gender role and gender expression.
what is the distinction ?-
Transgender people may be attracted towards man woman or both sexes or neither , like most people face their own gender identity A component of identity that includes a person’s sexual and emotional attraction to another person (who they feel themselves to be) and their sexual orientation (whom they are attracted to) as separate phenomena . They also have a shift in sexual orientations indicating that sexual orientations can be more dynamic as previously thought.
Now let’s proceed to other terms which define their variations .
Intersex – The intersex people are born with various congenital abnormalities known collectively as disorders , they have a body which is difficult to be identified as male or female
Queer– is an umbrella term that individuals may use to describe a sexual orientation, gender identity, or gender expression that does not conform to dominant societal norms.Some adopt the queer term to avoid d limiting themselves to the gender binaries of male and female or to the perceived restrictions imposed by lesbian, gay, and bisexual sexual orientations .
Male to female (MTF transexual ) – a person who identifies themselves as a woman but with a male body.
Female to male (FTM transexual ) – Vice versa a person who identifies themselves as a female but has a male body .
CROSS DRESSER(drag queen / King) -a man who dresses as female but doesn not want to change his sex or person woman who dresses as man but does not want to change their identity permanently .
Gender dysphoria – It is kind of a feeling that makes trans people think that their body is wrong or their identity is weong. It is a discomfort or distress that a person feels due to the gap between the person’s gender identity and it’s sex
Now transgender are highly prone to HIV/ AIDS , the have to keep a careful medical measures and keep themselves protected while having a intercourse .Their transition process also includes a surgery hormone therapy and sex reassignment surgery (SRS) to change their bodies to conform to their true gender. It can be a very rigorous and dangerous journey but to look at the perks it reduces gender dysphoria as they finally meet their actual selves .Being a trans is a common thing but our society norms have oppressed them a lot India is in the Top 10 countries that still believes in racism and inequality well transgender in India are looked upon as very low and are made to beg for their living as Indians do not respect them and feel they are ‘cursed’ .
Trans in India have a very strong portrayal that they are not worthy of the society and are pushed out of our culture into slums where they are prone to unhygienic conditions when they are highly infectious to diseases . The media and the films in our culture have not given justice to the portrayal of LGBTQ community in India and are either used as comic relief or to show very lowly of them .
But India includes in owns victory over the Homosexuality. India on 6th September 2018 a five judge constitutional bench declared the section 377 of Indian penal code as legal thereby making homosexuality legal in India . It is a landmark decision against the gay discrimination that existed in our country . Also striking the colonial era that made gay love a crime . The Indian sacred prose and poetries have also talked about instances of same sex depiction by God and goddesses . The vedic and puranas have also depicted homosexuality through their writings .
One of most known community in transgender in India is the hijra community recognized as the third gender in India. They have had a most significant role to play in ancient literature including the ramayan and mahabharatas due to that during the mughal era they had been considered to hold religious authority and had been sought out to give blessing especially during any auspicious or religious ceremony .
TRANSGENDER BILL INDIA –
- An act of the Parliament of India with the objective to provide for protection of rights of transgender persons, their welfare, and other related matters.
- The Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Bill, 2019 was introduced in the Lok Sabha on July 19, 2019 by the Minister for Social Justice and Empowerment, Mr. Thaawarchand Gehlot.
- Members of the opposition in Rajya Sabha criticised the bill and assured transgender persons of not voting in favour of it, although it was passed by the Rajya Sabha on 25 November 2019. On 5 December 2019 it was signed into law by the President of India.
- introduced by the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam’s Tiruchi Siva in the RS.
- “an ideal bill” in conformity with the NLSA judgement of the Supreme Court
2015 -2016 –
First draft of the Transgender Person’s Bill
- introduced by the government in the Lok Sabha
- opposed on many counts, including the proposal for “screening committees” and the criminalisation of begging.
New version of the bill passed with 27 amendments.
- severe criticism and protests as it overlooked the recommendations made by the Standing Committee and transgender persons.
- The 2018 bill stood lapsed.
Bill was passed in Lok Sabha
- bill was reintroduced on 9th July by the Minister of Social Justice and Empowerment, Thawar Chand Gehlot
- passed by a voice vote on 5 August 2019
December 2019 –
The Bill becomes a law –
This is a gist was the history of the bill in India that was passed the bill includes a lot provisions for the transgender people such as -definition of a transgender person (section 2), prohibition against discrimination (section 3), Self perceived identity(section 4) , Certificate of Identity for a transgender person ( section 5,6 and 7 ) , welfare measures by the govt. (section 8 ) , Employment (section 9), right of residence section 12 , education (section 13) , healthcare (section 15) , offenses and penalty (section 19) , National council for transgender person NCT ( section 16 and 17 ) these are all the provisions given .
But it violates many rights such as Right to Equality article 15 and 16 ,Right to freedom 21 ,It asks a transperson to get a certificate for their identity thereby compulsorily going into a transition surgery which is actually their choice if thy want to or not there have been many arguments against this bill. HERE ARE SOME NEWS CLIPPING –
It denies them basic rights like right to residency and right to privacy . We have won battle India there are many more to go for transgender community.
Hope you all got an idea of what we have to say please stay safe and woke about things around you .
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